Heavy snow usually means clearing the sidewalk, scraping the car, and defrosting pipes. Heavy snow can also have a major impact on trees. Tree trunks and boughs can crack and break under the strain of heavy snow. This can cause serious damage and injury to unsuspecting people, pets, cars, and houses in their way. However, it’s not just heavy snow that is the problem. Ice can also wreak havoc on trees as well. Trees actually bear the brunt of storms and can be quite vulnerable, even the big, tall ones.
Heavy Snow: Tree Care
Trees with leaves are at greater risk during a heavy snowstorm. This is because there is more surface area for the snow to cling to. This puts thinner and new branches at risk. The best thing to do after a heavy snowfall is to gently push up the tree branches with a broom so that snow can fall off. This will require more effort for branches closer to the trunk as the branches will be thicker. The idea is to have the snow off the tree branches before the next round of snowfall.
Frost cracks happen when there is a sudden drop in temperature after a heavy snowfall. Long, vertical cracks can appear on the trunk as the outer layer contracts quicker than the inner layer. A crack can be innocuous and appear perennially. However, they should be inspected regularly as it is not always clear how deep or safe the cracks are. The best place to look is on the south side or southwest side of the tree. This is where the biggest fluctuations in temperature occur between day and night. Don’t attempt to remove ice from the cracks as this could lead to warping and breaking. ISA-certified arborists recommend letting the ice thaw.
Ensure your trees are well maintained year-round by hiring a tree care service company. Here are some tree care tips to consider before the snow season.
Newly planted trees and saplings can be wrapped from top to bottom. Before wrapping, it is important to ensure that the tree is well hydrated. Remove any debris and fallen leaves from around the tree. Place a layer of mulch around the tree with a radius of about two feet, two to four inches thick. Mulching around the base will help to keep out the permafrost. However, do not touch the base with mulch.
Pruning helps trees become structurally sound, strong, and healthy. What some people fail to realize is that trees still grow in the winter. Therefore, it’s important to establish when they are more dormant. This is the best time to prune trees. Typically, this is towards the end of summer and the beginning of fall. Tall trees that appear to have damaged limbs might need a tree care service company to address the weaknesses. A certified arborist will be able to trim branches before they fall down and are hazardous.
Take a look at the branches and see if you can identify any weak branches that you would like to keep. If so, fasten a cable along the branch and then secure it around the trunk a little higher up. The cable should then be ratcheted up, but not too tight. If the cable is too tight, it can make a branch inflexible and snap during heavy snowfall.
Shrubs and bushes are also vulnerable to the ravages and weight of heavy snowfall. Therefore, they should also receive preventative maintenance. Shrubs and bushes can be pruned, mulched, and hydrated before being wrapped. It may be a good idea to circle a cable around them in order to bring the branches closer together and make them more vertical. Reducing the surface area will help make sure the snow won’t knock them down.
If you are new to the area, conduct some research in order to determine the best way to care for your trees in the winter. Start by identifying the trees in the yard, those that are evergreen, and those that shed leaves. Meet with your neighbors and see if they have the same tree species. Chances are your neighbors will know the weather pattern and be able to describe the impact on the various tree species. Lastly, contact a tree care provider in your area to receive the best winter tree care tips.
Additional Reading: Snow and Ice Damage on Trees
Tree Services of Omaha
Tree Services of Omaha, Nebraska is a full-service tree care provider that offers a wide range of arborist services including but not limited to: Tree Removal Services, Tree Trimming, Tree Pruning, Tree and shrubs Shaping, Stump Removal, Stump Grinding, Arborist Consultations, Systemic Tree Injections. Contact us today for a free estimate!